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  1. Content type: Research

    The clinical features of Down syndrome vary among individuals, with those most common being congenital heart disease, intellectual disability, developmental abnormity and dysmorphic features. Complex combinati...

    Authors: Wenfu Li, Xianfu Wang and Shibo Li

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:42

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  2. Content type: Case Report

    Partial monosomy 21 is a rare finding with variable sizes and deletion breakpoints, presenting with a broad spectrum of phenotypes.

    Authors: Meng Su, Paul J. Benke, Guney Bademci, Filiz Basak Cengiz, Xiaomei Ouyang, Jinghong Peng, Carmen E. Casas, Mustafa Tekin and Yao-Shan Fan

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:43

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  3. Content type: Research

    Chromosomal abnormalities are one of the genetic mechanisms associated with abortion. However, the roles of submicroscopic chromosomal imbalances in early abortion are still unclear. This study aims to find ou...

    Authors: Haibo Li, Minjuan Liu, Min Xie, Qin Zhang, Jingjing Xiang, Chengying Duan, Yang Ding, Yinghua Liu, Jun Mao, Ting Wang and Hong Li

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:41

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  4. Content type: Case Report

    Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is rare in the pediatric age group and it may be associated with inheritable bone marrow failure (BMF) such as Fanconi anemia (FA). FA is a rare multi-system genetic disorder, ch...

    Authors: Viviane Lamim Lovatel, Daiane Corrêa de Souza, Tatiana Fonseca Alvarenga, Roberto R. Capela de Matos, Claudia Diniz, Marcia Trindade Schramm, Juan Clinton Llerena Júnior, Maria Luiza Macedo Silva, Eliana Abdelhay and Teresa de Souza Fernandez

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:40

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  5. Content type: Case Report

    Several patients with the 2p16.1p15 microdeletion syndrome have been reported. However, microduplication in the 2p16.1p15 chromosomal region has only been reported in one case, and milder clinical features wer...

    Authors: Luca Lovrecic, Chiara Gnan, Federica Baldan, Alessandra Franzoni, Sara Bertok, Giuseppe Damante, Bertrand Isidor and Borut Peterlin

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:39

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  6. Content type: Case Report

    Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) evaluates circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and has been widely applied, with highly accurate results for detecting foetal trisomies 21, 18 and 13. Recently, increasing att...

    Authors: Jun-Kun Chen, Ping Liu, Li-Qin Hu, Qing Xie, Quan-Fei Huang and Hai-Liang Liu

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:37

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  7. Content type: Publisher Correction

    In the original publication of this article [1] the figures and the captions of 3 figures do not match correctly due to a typographical error. In this correction article the corrected figures and captions for ...

    Authors: Robert M. Hoffman

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:38

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    The original article was published in Molecular Cytogenetics 2017 10:11

  8. Content type: Research

    Interspecific hybridization is an effective strategy for germplasm innovation in sugarcane. Nobilization refers to the breeding theory of development and utilization of wild germplasm. Saccharum spontaneum is the...

    Authors: Fan Yu, Ping Wang, Xueting Li, Yongji Huang, Qinnan Wang, Ling Luo, Yanfen Jing, Xinlong Liu, Zuhu Deng, Jiayun Wu, Yongqing Yang, Rukai Chen, Muqing Zhang and Liangnian Xu

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:35

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  9. Content type: Case Report

    Precise characterization of apparently balanced complex chromosomal rearrangements in non-affected individuals is crucial as they may result in reproductive failure, recurrent miscarriages or affected offspring.

    Authors: Constantia Aristidou, Athina Theodosiou, Andria Ketoni, Mads Bak, Mana M. Mehrjouy, Niels Tommerup and Carolina Sismani

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:34

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  10. Content type: Research

    Application of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) to investigate the genetic characteristics of fetal growth restriction (FGR) without ultrasonic structural anomalies at 18–32 weeks.

    Authors: Gang An, Yuan Lin, Liang Pu Xu, Hai Long Huang, Si Ping Liu, Yan Hong Yu and Fang Yang

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:33

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  11. Content type: Review

    In the past 15 years, impressive progress has been made to understand the molecular mechanism behind aneuploidy, largely due to the effort of using various -omics approaches to study model systems (e.g. yeast ...

    Authors: Christine J. Ye, Sarah Regan, Guo Liu, Sarah Alemara and Henry H. Heng

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:31

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  12. Content type: Research

    Detailed karyotyping using metaphase chromosomes in melon (Cucumis melo L.) remains a challenge because of their small chromosome sizes and poor stainability. Prometaphase chromosomes, which are two times longer ...

    Authors: Agus Budi Setiawan, Chee How Teo, Shinji Kikuchi, Hidenori Sassa and Takato Koba

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:32

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  13. Content type: Case Report

    With only 11 patients reported, 5p tetrasomy belongs to rare postnatal findings. Most cases are due to small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) or isochromosomes. The patients share common but unspecific...

    Authors: Pavel Tesner, Jana Drabova, Miroslav Stolfa, Martin Kudr, Martin Kyncl, Veronika Moslerova, Drahuse Novotna, Radka Kremlikova Pourova, Eduard Kocarek, Tereza Rasplickova, Zdenek Sedlacek and Marketa Vlckova

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:29

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  14. Content type: Case Report

    In countries where comparative genomic hybridization arrays (aCGH) and next generation sequencing are not widely available due to accessibility and economic constraints, conventional 400–500-band karyotyping i...

    Authors: Emiy Yokoyama, Victoria Del Castillo, Silvia Sánchez, Sandra Ramos, Bertha Molina, Leda Torres, María José Navarro, Silvia Avila, José Luis Castrillo, Benilde García-De Teresa, Bárbara Asch and Sara Frías

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:30

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  15. Content type: Case Report

    A 46,XY sex reversal syndrome is characterized by discordant genetic and phenotypic sex, leading to normal external female genitalia, undeveloped gonads and presence of Müllerian structures in an otherwise 46,...

    Authors: Bagas A. Marsudi, Hannie Kartapradja, Chrysantine Paramayuda, Jose R. L. Batubara, Alida R. Harahap and Nanis S. Marzuki

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:28

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  16. Content type: Research

    Thinopyrum ponticum (2n = 10× = 70, JSJSJSJSJJJJJJ) is an important wild perennial Triticeae species that has a unique gene pool with many desirable traits for common wheat. The partial amphiploids derived from w...

    Authors: Yanru Pei, Yu Cui, Yanping Zhang, Honggang Wang, Yinguang Bao and Xingfeng Li

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:27

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  17. Content type: Research

    Ring chromosome instability may influence a patient’s phenotype and challenge its interpretation.

    Authors: Anna A. Kashevarova, Elena O. Belyaeva, Aleksandr M. Nikonov, Olga V. Plotnikova, Nikolay A. Skryabin, Tatyana V. Nikitina, Stanislav A. Vasilyev, Yulia S. Yakovleva, Nadezda P. Babushkina, Ekaterina N. Tolmacheva, Mariya E. Lopatkina, Renata R. Savchenko, Lyudmila P. Nazarenko and Igor N. Lebedev

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:26

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  18. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication [1] the author names were in the wrong order. The correct version can be found in this Erratum. The original article has been updated to rectify this error.

    Authors: Kaihui Zhang, Yan Huang, Rui Dong, Yali Yang, Ying Wang, Haiyan Zhang, Yufeng Zhang, Zhongtao Gai and Yi Liu

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:25

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    The original article was published in Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:18

  19. Content type: Case Report

    1q43-q44 deletion syndrome is a well-defined chromosomal disorder which is characterized by moderate to severe mental retardation, and variable but characteristic facial features determined by the size of the ...

    Authors: Aixiang Luo, Dehua Cheng, Shimin Yuan, Haiyu Li, Juan Du, Yang Zhang, Chuanchun Yang, Ge Lin, Wenyong Zhang and Yue-Qiu Tan

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:24

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  20. Content type: Case Report

    Supernumerary marker chromosomes derived from chromosome 5 (SMC5) and 5p13 duplication syndrome are rare disorders, and phenotypic descriptions of patients are necessary to better define genotype-phenotype cor...

    Authors: Margaret E. Armstrong, David D. Weaver, Melissa D. Lah, Gail H. Vance, Benjamin J. Landis, Stephanie M. Ware and Benjamin M. Helm

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:23

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  21. Content type: Case Report

    Children with constitutional trisomy 21, i.e. Down syndrome (DS, OMIM #190685) have a 10 to 20-fold increased risk for a hematopoietic malignancy. They may suffer from acute lymphoblastic leukemia or acute mye...

    Authors: Faten Moassass, Abdulsamad Wafa, Thomas Liehr, Ayman Al-Ablog and Walid AL Achkar

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:22

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  22. Content type: Research

    Copy number variants (CNVs) are the genetic bases for microdeletion/ microduplication syndromes (MMSs). Couples with an affected child and desire to have further children are routinely tested for a potential p...

    Authors: Thomas Liehr, Isolde Schreyer, Alma Kuechler, Emmanouil Manolakos, Sylke Singer, Andreas Dufke, Kathleen Wilhelm, Tereza Jančušková, Radek Čmejla, Moneeb A. K. Othman, Ahmed H. Al-Rikabi, Kristin Mrasek, Monika Ziegler, Stefanie Kankel, Katharina Kreskowski and Anja Weise

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:20

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  23. Content type: Review

    Constitutional ring chromosomes are rare orphan chromosomal disorders. Ring chromosome syndrome featuring growth retardation and mild to intermediate intellectual disability is likely caused by the dynamic beh...

    Authors: Qiping Hu, Hongyan Chai, Wei Shu and Peining Li

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:19

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  24. Content type: Research

    Balanced reciprocal translocation is usually an exchange of two terminal segments from different chromosomes without phenotypic effect on the carrier while leading to increased risk of generating unbalanced ga...

    Authors: Kaihui Zhang, Yan Huang, Rui Dong, Yali Yang, Ying Wang, Haiyan Zhang, Yufeng Zhang, Zhongtao Gai and Yi Liu

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:18

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:25

  25. Content type: Case Report

    Nijmegen breakage syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by microcephaly, immunodeficiency, hypersensitivity to X-irradiation, and a high predisposition to cancer. Nibrin, the product of the NB...

    Authors: Raneem Habib, Heidemarie Neitzel, Aurelie Ernst, John K. L. Wong, Bozenna Goryluk-Kozakiewicz, Antje Gerlach, Ilja Demuth, Karl Sperling and Krystyna Chrzanowska

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:17

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  26. Content type: Research

    Amphidiploids generated by distant hybridization are commonly used as genetic bridge to transfer desirable genes from wild wheat species into cultivated wheat. This method is typically used to enhance the resi...

    Authors: Daiyan Li, Dan Long, Tinghui Li, Yanli Wu, Yi Wang, Jian Zeng, Lili Xu, Xing Fan, Lina Sha, Haiqin Zhang, Yonghong Zhou and Houyang Kang

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:16

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  27. Content type: Research

    Syndromic obesity is an umbrella term used to describe cases where obesity occurs with additional phenotypes. It often arises as part of a distinct genetic syndrome with Prader-Willi syndrome being a classical...

    Authors: Carla Sustek D’Angelo, Monica Castro Varela, Claudia Irene Emílio de Castro, Paulo Alberto Otto, Ana Beatriz Alvarez Perez, Charles Marques Lourenço, Chong Ae Kim, Debora Romeo Bertola, Fernando Kok, Luis Garcia-Alonso and Celia Priszkulnik Koiffmann

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:14

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  28. Content type: Case Report

    Small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) are common structurally abnormal chromosomes that occur in 0.288% of cases of mental retardation. Isodicentric 15 (idic(15)) is common in sSMCs and usually leads ...

    Authors: Haiyu Li, Juan Du, Wen Li, Dehua Cheng, Wenbin He, Duo Yi, Bo Xiong, Shimin Yuan, Chaofeng Tu, Lanlan Meng, Aixiang Luo, Ge Lin, Guangxiu Lu and Yue-Qiu Tan

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:15

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  29. Content type: Research

    Little is known about the genetic contribution to Müllerian aplasia, better known to patients as Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. Mutations in two genes (WNT4 and HNF1B) account for a small number ...

    Authors: Durkadin Demir Eksi, Yiping Shen, Munire Erman, Lynn P. Chorich, Megan E. Sullivan, Meric Bilekdemir, Elanur Yılmaz, Guven Luleci, Hyung-Goo Kim, Ozgul M. Alper and Lawrence C. Layman

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:13

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  30. Content type: Research

    Chromosome translocations are rare but frequently associated with infertility. The objective of this study is to investigate the feasibility of using chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) on products of concep...

    Authors: Ye-Qing Qian, Xiao-Ying Fu, Xiao-Qing Wang, Yu-Qin Luo, Min Chen, Kai Yan, Yan-Mei Yang, Bei Liu, Li-Ya Wang, Ying-Zhi Huang, Hong-Ge Li, Hang-Yi Pan, Fan Jin and Min-Yue Dong

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:12

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  31. Content type: Research

    Quick genetic diagnosis of a patient with congenital heart disease (CHD) is quite important for proper health care and management. Copy number variations (CNV), chromosomal imbalances and rearrangements have b...

    Authors: Zuhair N. Al-Hassnan, Waad Albawardi, Faten Almutairi, Rawan AlMass, Albandary AlBakheet, Osama M. Mustafa, Laila AlQuait, Zarghuna M. A. Shinwari, Salma Wakil, Mustafa A. Salih, Majid Al-Fayyadh, Saeed M. Hassan, Mansour Aljoufan, Osima Al-Nakhli, Brynn Levy, Balsam AlMaarik…

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:9

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  32. Content type: Review

    Balanced translocations may cause the loss of genetic material at the breakpoints and may result in failure of spermatogenesis. However, carriers of reciprocal translocation may naturally conceive. Genetic cou...

    Authors: Hong-Guo Zhang, Rui-Xue Wang, Yuan Pan, Han Zhang, Lei-Lei Li, Hai-Bo Zhu and Rui-Zhi Liu

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:10

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  33. Content type: Case Report

    Chiari malformation type II (CM-II) is mainly characterized by elongation and descent of the cerebellum through the foramen magnum into the spinal canal. Moreover, CM-II is uniquely associated with myelomening...

    Authors: Shuai Guo, Xue-Feng Fan, Jie-Yuan Jin, Liang-Liang Fan, Lei Zeng, Zheng-Bing Zhou, Rong Xiang and Ju-Yu Tang

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:8

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  34. Content type: Case Report

    Collision tumors are rare entities that consist of two histologically distinct tumor types arising in the same anatomic site. An association between chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and malignant melanoma (M...

    Authors: Roberta La Starza, Tiziana Pierini, Lorenza Pastorino, Elisa Albi, Caterina Matteucci, Barbara Crescenzi, Paolo Sportoletti, Piero Covarelli, Franca Falzetti, Giovanni Roti, Stefano Ascani and Cristina Mecucci

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:6

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  35. Content type: Research

    Copy number variations (CNSs) of large genomic regions are an important mechanism implicated in the development of head and neck cancer, however, for most changes their exact role is not well understood. The a...

    Authors: Boris Zagradišnik, Danijela Krgović, Špela Stangler Herodež, Andreja Zagorac, Bogdan Ćižmarević and Nadja Kokalj Vokač

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:5

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  36. Content type: Case Report

    Translocations of the IGH locus on 14q32.3 are present in about 8% of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and contribute to leukemogenesis by deregulating the expression of the IGH-partner genes. Ide...

    Authors: Theodora Malli, Melanie Rammer, Sabrina Haslinger, Jonathan Burghofer, Sonja Burgstaller, Hans-Christian Boesmueller, Renate Marschon, Wolfgang Kranewitter, Martin Erdel, Sabine Deutschbauer and Gerald Webersinke

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:3

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  37. Content type: Research

    The majority of the cases of bone marrow failure syndromes/aplastic anaemias (BMFS/AA) are non-hereditary and considered idiopathic (80–85%). The peripheral blood picture is variable, with anaemia, neutropenia...

    Authors: R. Valli, L. Vinti, A. Frattini, M. Fabbri, G. Montalbano, C. Olivieri, A. Minelli, F. Locatelli, F. Pasquali and E. Maserati

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:2

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  38. Content type: Research

    Inactivation of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene by deletion occurs in 20–30% of prostate cancer tumors and loss strongly correlates with a worse outcome. PTEN loss of function not only leads to activation of the P...

    Authors: Thiago Vidotto, Daniel Guimarães Tiezzi and Jeremy A. Squire

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2018 11:1

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  39. Content type: Case Report

    Interstitial microdeletion 14q22q23 is a rare chromosomal syndrome associated with variable defects: microphthalmia/anophthalmia, pituitary anomalies, polydactyly/syndactyly of hands and feet, micrognathia/ret...

    Authors: Pavlina Capkova, Alena Santava, Ivana Markova, Andrea Stefekova, Josef Srovnal, Katerina Staffova and Veronika Durdová

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2017 10:47

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  40. Content type: Case Report

    The molecular etiology of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is complex and heterogeneous. Several subtypes of epigenetic-genetic alterations including aberrant methylation patterns, segmental uniparental disom...

    Authors: Qin Wang, Qian Geng, Qinghua Zhou, Fuwei Luo, Peining Li and Jiansheng Xie

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2017 10:46

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  41. Content type: Review

    Mosaicism for chromosome rearrangements is common in preimplantation diagnoses, yet is rare in prenatal diagnoses as well as in other groups of patients referred to cytogenetic testing. Consequently, there is ...

    Authors: Natalia V. Kovaleva and Philip D. Cotter

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2017 10:45

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  42. Content type: Methodology

    Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) based on cell-free DNA in maternal circulation has been accepted worldwide by the clinical community since 2011 but limitations, such as maternal malignancy and fetoplacenta...

    Authors: Chung-Er Huang, Gwo-Chin Ma, Hei-Jen Jou, Wen-Hsiang Lin, Dong-Jay Lee, Yi-Shing Lin, Norman A. Ginsberg, Hsin-Fu Chen, Frank Mau-Chung Chang and Ming Chen

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2017 10:44

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  43. Content type: Case Report

    Small supernumerary marker chromosomes can be derived from autosomes and sex chromosomes and can accompany chromosome pathologies, such as Turner syndrome.

    Authors: Alena S. Telepova, Svetlana A. Romanenko, Natalya A. Lemskaya, Yulia V. Maksimova, Asia R. Shorina and Dmitry V. Yudkin

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2017 10:43

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  44. Content type: Case Report

    Hand-foot-genital syndrome (HFGS) is a rare condition characterized by congenital malformations in the limbs and genitourinary tract. Generally, this syndrome occurs due to point mutations that cause loss of f...

    Authors: Emiy Yokoyama, Dennise Lesley Smith-Pellegrin, Silvia Sánchez, Bertha Molina, Alfredo Rodríguez, Rocío Juárez, Esther Lieberman, Silvia Avila, José Luis Castrillo, Victoria del Castillo and Sara Frías

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2017 10:42

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  45. Content type: Research

    The oocyte chromosomes of the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum, are gathered into a knot, forming a karyosphere at the diplotene stage of meiotic prophase. Chromatin rearrangement, which is a characteristic ...

    Authors: Artem M. Kiselev, Irina S. Stepanova, Leonid S. Adonin, Florina M. Batalova, Vladimir N. Parfenov, Dmitry S. Bogolyubov and Olga I. Podgornaya

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2017 10:41

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