Unbalanced chromosome abnormalities (UBCA) are either gains or losses or large genomic regions, but the affected person is not or only minimally clinically affected. Copy number variants (CNVs) are an important source of normal and pathogenic genome variations. CNVs and UBCA identified in prenatal cases need careful considerations and correct interpretation if those are harmless or harmful variants from the norm.
A 25-year-old, gravida 1, para 0, woman underwent amniocentesis at 18 weeks of gestation because the noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) results revealed a 6.8 Mb duplication from 2q11.1 to 2q11.2. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) was performed on uncultured amniocytes. GTG-banding karyotype analysis on cultured amniocytes was performed.
Chromosomal GTG-banding of the cultured amniocytes revealed a karyotype of 46,XX. CMA detected a 6.8-Mb chromosomal duplication in the region of 2q11.1q11.2 (arr[GRCh37] 2q11.1q11.2(95,327,873_102,088,148)x3).
Chromosomal microdeletions and microduplications are difficult to detect by conventional cytogenetics, combination of prenatal ultrasound, karyotype analysis, NIPT, CMA and genetic counseling is helpful for the prenatal diagnosis of UBCA and chromosomal microdeletions/microduplications.