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  1. Content type: Research

    The question what makes Homo sapiens sapiens (HSA) special among other species is one of the basic questions of mankind. A small contribution to answer this question is to study the chromosomal constitution of HS...

    Authors: Wiwat Sangpakdee, Alongklod Tanomtong, Xiaobo Fan, Krit Pinthong, Anja Weise and Thomas Liehr

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:17

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  2. Content type: Research

    Idiopathic short stature (ISS) refers to short stature with no evident etiologies. The custom genome-wide microarray specifically designed to cover height-related genes may be helpful to detect copy number var...

    Authors: Guorui Hu, Yanjie Fan, Lili Wang, Ru-en Yao, Xiaodong Huang, Yiping Shen, Yongguo Yu and Xuefan Gu

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:16

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  3. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The Editors of Molecular Cytogenetics would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in volume 8 (2015).

    Authors: Thomas Liehr, Henry Heng, Yuri Yurov, Aurelia Meloni-Ehrig and Ivan Iourov

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:14

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  4. Content type: Short report

    Diffuse astrocytomas are characterized by their highly variable biological behavior. The possibility that tumors develop novel aberrations, with relevant biological properties, is often neglected. In this stud...

    Authors: Halka Lhotska, Zuzana Zemanova, Hana Cechova, Sarka Ransdorfova, Karla Svobodova, Filip Kramar, Zdenek Krejcik and Kyra Michalova

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:13

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  5. Content type: Hypothesis

    Longer telomeres in the somatic cells of an individual have been regarded as a marker of youth and biological fitness within a population. Yet, several research groups have reported the surprising findings of ...

    Authors: Reinhard Stindl

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:12

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  6. Content type: Case Report

    IInterstitial 21q deletions can cause a wide spectrum of symptoms depending on the size and the location of the deletion. It has previously been suggested that the long arm of chromosome 21 can be divided into...

    Authors: Cathrine Jespersgaard, Ida N. Damgaard, Nanna Cornelius, Iben Bache, Niels Knabe, Maria J. Miranda and Zeynep Tümer

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:11

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  7. Content type: Research

    Non-progressive cerebellar ataxia with mental retardation (CANPMR, OMIM 614756) and chromosome 1p32-p31 deletion syndrome (OMIM 613735) are two very rare inherited disorders, which are caused by mono-allelic d...

    Authors: Emanuele G. Coci, Udo Koehler, Thomas Liehr, Armin Stelzner, Christian Fink, Hendrik Langen and Joachim Riedel

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:10

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  8. Content type: Research

    Men with 47, XYY syndrome are presented with varying physical attributes and degrees of infertility. Little information has been documented regarding the meiotic progression in patients with extra Y chromosome...

    Authors: Caiyun Wu, Liu Wang, Furhan Iqbal, Xiaohua Jiang, Ihtisham Bukhari, Tonghang Guo, Gengxin Yin, Howard J. Cooke, Zhenyi Cao, Hong Jiang and Qinghua Shi

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:9

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  9. Content type: Review

    Mosaicism for chromosomal structural rearrangements (Rea) is rare and the timing and mechanisms of mosaic Rea formation, maintenance, and clinical manifestation are poorly understood. To date, there are no pub...

    Authors: Natalia V. Kovaleva and Philip D. Cotter

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:8

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  10. Content type: Research

    About 10 –15 % of all clinically recognized pregnancies result in spontaneous miscarriages, and chromosomal abnormalities are the most common reason. The conventional karyotyping on chorionic villus samples (C...

    Authors: Jiandong Shen, Wei Wu, Chao Gao, Humphrey Ochin, Dianyun Qu, Jiazi Xie, Li Gao, Yadong Zhou, Yugui Cui and Jiayin Liu

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:7

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  11. Content type: Research

    The uncultivated species Dasypyrum breviaristatum carries novel diseases resistance and agronomically important genes of potential use for wheat improvement. The development of new wheat-D. breviaristatum derivat...

    Authors: Guangrong Li, Dan Gao, Hongjun Zhang, Jianbo Li, Hongjin Wang, Shixiao La, jiwei Ma and Zujun Yang

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:6

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  12. Content type: Review

    Copy number variations (CNVs) having no (obvious) clinical effects were rediscovered as major part of human genome in 2004. However, for every cytogeneticist microscopically visible harmless CNVs (CG-CNVs) are...

    Authors: Thomas Liehr

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:5

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  13. Content type: Research

    The genus Clarias (Clariidae, Siluriformes) contains at least 61 species naturally spread over vast regions of Asia, India and Africa. However, Clarias species have also been introduced in many different countrie...

    Authors: Nuntiya Maneechot, Cassia Fernanda Yano, Luiz Antonio Carlos Bertollo, Nuntaporn Getlekha, Wagner Franco Molina, Sukhonthip Ditcharoen, Bundit Tengjaroenkul, Weerayuth Supiwong, Alongklod Tanomtong and Marcelo de Bello Cioffi

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:4

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  14. Content type: Research

    Deletion of 13q14 is the most common cytogenetic change in chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) and is detected in about 50 % of patients by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FIS...

    Authors: Beata Grygalewicz, Renata Woroniecka, Jolanta Rygier, Klaudia Borkowska, Iwona Rzepecka, Martyna Łukasik, Agnieszka Budziłowska, Grzegorz Rymkiewicz, Katarzyna Błachnio, Beata Nowakowska, Magdalena Bartnik, Monika Gos and Barbara Pieńkowska-Grela

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2016 9:1

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  15. Content type: Case Report

    About 7 % of karyotypically balanced chromosomal rearrangements (BCRs) are associated with congenital anomalies due to gene or regulatory element disruption, and cryptic imbalances on rearranged chromosomes. R...

    Authors: Ana Carolina S. Fonseca, Adriano Bonaldi, Simone A. S. Fonseca, Paulo A. Otto, Fernando Kok, Mads Bak, Niels Tommerup and Angela M. Vianna-Morgante

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:106

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  16. Content type: Case Report

    To develop a novel preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) test using next generation sequencing(NGS) as a alternative to current array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) method for detection of sma...

    Authors: Jian Ou, Wei Wang, Tao Feng, Lianming Liao, Qingxia Meng, Qinyan Zou, Jie Ding, Aiyan Zheng, Chengying Duan, Peipei Li, Qiang Liu, Chunhua Lin and Hong Li

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:105

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  17. Content type: Research

    Studies of model organisms have demonstrated that DNA cytosine methylation and histone modifications are key regulators of gene expression in biological processes. Comparatively little is known about the prese...

    Authors: Renae Domaschenz, Alexandra M. Livernois, Sudha Rao, Tariq Ezaz and Janine E. Deakin

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:104

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  18. Content type: Research

    Array-based comparative genomic hybridization has been assumed to be the first genetic test offered to detect genomic imbalances in patients with unexplained intellectual disability with or without dysmorphism...

    Authors: Isabel Marques Carreira, Susana Isabel Ferreira, Eunice Matoso, Luís Miguel Pires, José Ferrão, Ana Jardim, Alexandra Mascarenhas, Marta Pinto, Nuno Lavoura, Cláudia Pais, Patrícia Paiva, Lúcia Simões, Francisco Caramelo, Lina Ramos, Margarida Venâncio, Fabiana Ramos…

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:103

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  19. Content type: Case Report

    Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) is a lymphoproliferative disease characterized by multiple recurring clonal cytogenetic anomalies and is the most common leukemia in adults. Chromosomal abnormalities associa...

    Authors: Roman Alpatov, Billie Carstens, Kimberly Harding, Carolyn Jarrett, Sudabeh Balakhani, Jessica Lincoln, Peter Brzeskiewicz, Yu Guo, Alex Ohene-Mobley, Jamie LeRoux, Veronica McDaniel, Lynne Meltesen, Diane Minka, Mahendra Patel, Cyrus Manavi and Karen Swisshelm

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:101

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  20. Content type: Research

    Congenital heart defects (CHD) represent one of the most common birth defects. This study aimed to evaluate the value of multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) as a tool to detect the copy num...

    Authors: Jingjing Zhang, Dingyuan Ma, Yan Wang, Li Cao, Yun Wu, Fengchang Qiao, An Liu, Li Li, Ying Lin, Gang Liu, Cuiyun Liu, Ping Hu and Zhengfeng Xu

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:100

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  21. Content type: Case Report

    Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) is a genetic condition characterized by distinctive facial features, moderate to severe intellectual disability, developmental delay and multiple congenital anomalies. MWS is caused...

    Authors: Haiming Yuan, Lina Zhang, Mengfan Chen, Junping Zhu, Zhe Meng and Liyang Liang

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:99

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  22. Content type: Case Report

    The Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome, or derivative chromosome 22 [der(22)], is a product of the reciprocal translocation t(9;22). It is the hallmark of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). It results in juxtaposit...

    Authors: Abdulsamad Wafa, Suher Almedani, Thomas Liehr and Walid Al-Achkar

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:98

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  23. Content type: Research

    The low copy repeats (LCRs) in chromosome 15q11-q13 have been recognized as breakpoints (BP) for not only intrachromosomal deletions and duplications but also small supernumerary marker chromosomes 15, sSMC(15...

    Authors: Qin Wang, Weiqing Wu, Zhiyong Xu, Fuwei Luo, Qinghua Zhou, Peining Li and Jiansheng Xie

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:97

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  24. Content type: Case Report

    The chromothripsis is a biological phenomenon, first observed in tumors and then rapidly described in congenital disorders. The principle of the chromothripsis process is the occurrence of a local shattering t...

    Authors: Rita Genesio, Paolo Fontana, Angela Mormile, Alberto Casertano, Mariateresa Falco, Anna Conti, Adriana Franzese, Enza Mozzillo, Lucio Nitsch and Daniela Melis

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:96

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  25. Content type: Case Report

    Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type II (TRPS II, OMIM # 150230) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by craniofacial and skeletal abnormalities. Loss of functional copies of the TRPS1 gene ...

    Authors: Qi Li, Zhen Zhang, Yuchun Yan, Ping Xiao, Zhijie Gao, Wei Cheng, Lin Su, Kaihui Yu, Hua Xie, Xiaoli Chen, Qian Jiang and Long Li

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:95

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  26. Content type: Case Report

    Use of human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) is a promising strategy for cell therapy in injured tissues recovery. However, MSCs acquire genetic changes when cultivated in vitro that make them more susceptible t...

    Authors: Tamara Borgonovo, Maria Marlene Solarewicz, Isadora May Vaz, Debora Daga, Carmen Lúcia Kuniyoshi Rebelatto, Alexandra Cristina Senegaglia, Enilze Ribeiro, Iglenir João Cavalli and Paulo Slud Brofman

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:94

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  27. Content type: Case Report

    Interstitial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 14 involving the 14q24-q32 region have been reported in less than 20 patients. Previous studies mainly attempted to delineate recognizable facial dysmorphis...

    Authors: Francesco Nicita, Marilena Di Giacomo, Orazio Palumbo, Emanuela Ferri, Daniela Maiorani, Federico Vigevano, Massimo Carella and Alessandro Capuano

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:93

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  28. Content type: Case Report

    14q duplications caused by parental pericentric inversion of chromosome 14 are rarely reported and no clear genotype-phenotype correlation has been determined yet.

    Authors: Hande Küçük Kurtulgan, Leyla Özer, Malik Ejder Yıldırım, Evrim Ünsal, Süleyman Aktuna, Volkan Baltacı, Nejmiye Akkuş and İlhan Sezgin

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:92

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  29. Content type: Research

    Double minute chromosomes (DMs) are the cytogenetic hallmark of extra-chromosomal genomic amplification. They can well represent the advanced stage of malignancy. However, the mechanisms of DM generation are s...

    Authors: Jie Xu, Peng Liu, Xiangning Meng, Jing Bai, Songbin Fu, Rongwei Guan and Wenjing Sun

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:91

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  30. Content type: Research

    Acipenseriformes take a basal position among Actinopteri and demonstrate a striking ploidy variation among species. The sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus, Linnaeus, 1758; ARUT) is a diploid 120-chromosomal sturgeon dis...

    Authors: Svetlana A. Romanenko, Larisa S. Biltueva, Natalya A. Serdyukova, Anastasia I. Kulemzina, Violetta R. Beklemisheva, Olga L. Gladkikh, Natalia A. Lemskaya, Elena A. Interesova, Marina A. Korentovich, Nadezhda V. Vorobieva, Alexander S. Graphodatsky and Vladimir A. Trifonov

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:90

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  31. Content type: Case Report

    Purine-rich element binding protein A (PURA, MIM 600473), is considered the crucial phenocritical gene for an emerging 5q31.3 microdeletion syndrome. To date, at least seven affected individuals with overlapping ...

    Authors: Maria Clara Bonaglia, Nicoletta Zanotta, Roberto Giorda, Grazia D’Angelo and Claudio Zucca

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:89

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  32. Content type: Case Report

    Ring chromosome 11[r (11)] is a rare chromosomal abnormality that forms when both arms of chromosome 11 break, and then reunite with each other. Once a ring chromosome forms, the distal ends of both arms of th...

    Authors: Ying Peng, Ruiyu Ma, Yingjie Zhou, Yan Xia, Juan Wen, Yanghui Zhang, Ruolan Guo, Haoxian Li, Qian Pan, Rui Zhang, Chengyuan Tang, Desheng Liang and Lingqian Wu

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:88

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  33. Content type: Research

    Thrombocytopenia-absent radius syndrome (TAR; MIM 274000) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder combining specific skeletal abnormalities with a reduced platelet count. TAR syndrome has been associated with t...

    Authors: Elisa Tassano, Stefania Gimelli, Maria Teresa Divizia, Margherita Lerone, Carlotta Vaccari, Aldamaria Puliti and Giorgio Gimelli

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:87

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  34. Content type: Research

    While some transposable elements (TEs) have been found in the sequenced genomes of frog species, detailed studies of these elements have been lacking. In this work, we investigated the occurrence of the Rex1 elem...

    Authors: Juliana Nascimento, Diego Baldo and Luciana Bolsoni Lourenço

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:86

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  35. Content type: Research

    The prenatal diagnosis of subjects with complete uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 4 (iUPD4) has rarely been reported and poses a great challenge for genetic counseling. In this study, a prenatal case with a...

    Authors: WeiQiang Liu, HuiMin Zhang, Jian Wang, GuoJiu Yu, WenJun Qiu, ZhiHua Li, Min Chen, Kwong Wai Choy and XiaoFang Sun

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:85

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  36. Content type: Case Report

    Genetic aberrations in PAFAH1B1 result in isolated lissencephaly sequence (ILS), a neuronal migration disorder associated with severe mental retardation and intractable epilepsy. Approximately 60 % of patients wi...

    Authors: Satoru Takahashi, Ryosuke Tanaka, Satomi Okano, Akie Okayama, Nao Suzuki and Hiroshi Azuma

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:84

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  37. Content type: Case Report

    X-linked recessive type chondrodysplasia punctata (CDPX1) is a congenital disorder of cartilage and bone development with typical findings of stippled epyphises, nasomaxillary hypoplasia and short distal phala...

    Authors: Irena Vrečar, Gorazd Rudolf, Borut Peterlin and Luca Lovrecic

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:83

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  38. Content type: Research

    In contrast to other autism spectrum disorders, chromosome abnormalities are rare in Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism. Consequently, AS was occasionally subjected to classical positional cloni...

    Authors: Ivan Y. Iourov, Svetlana G. Vorsanova, Victoria Y. Voinova and Yuri B. Yurov

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:82

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  39. Content type: Research

    Iberian Leuciscinae are greatly diverse comprising taxa of hybrid origin. With highly conservative karyotypes, Iberian Chondrostoma s.l. have recently demonstrated sub-chromosomal differentiation and rapid genome...

    Authors: Carla Sofia A. Pereira, Marlon F. Pazian, Petr Ráb and Maria João Collares-Pereira

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:81

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  40. Content type: Methodology

    Meiotic chromosome preparation is a key step in plant meiotic research. Pollen mother cell (PMC) wall elimination is beneficial to cytogenetic experimental procedures. Without wall interference, these procedur...

    Authors: Jiangbo Dang, Qian Zhao, Xing Yang, Zhi Chen, Suqiong Xiang and Guolu Liang

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:80

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  41. Content type: Methodology

    Clinical trials of agents targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in esophageal carcinoma (EC) have indicated a minority subgroup responsive to anti-EGFR therapies. Other investigations suggest incre...

    Authors: Åsa Dahle-Smith, David Stevenson, Doreen Massie, Graeme I. Murray, Susan J. Dutton, Corran Roberts, David Ferry, Aileen Osborne, Caroline Clark, Russell D. Petty and Zosia Miedzybrodzka

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:78

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  42. Content type: Research

    Long contiguous stretches of homozygosity (LCSH) (regions/runs of homozygosity) are repeatedly detected by single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chromosomal microarrays. Providing important clues regarding pare...

    Authors: Ivan Y. Iourov, Svetlana G. Vorsanova, Sergei A. Korostelev, Maria A. Zelenova and Yuri B. Yurov

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:77

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  43. Content type: Case Report

    Mutations of mediator subcomplex 12 (MED12) and of high mobility group protein AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) are driver mutations in uterine leiomyomas (UL) that have not been observed to coexist in one tumor and even rarely...

    Authors: Carsten Holzmann, Dominique Nadine Markowski, Sabine Bartnitzke, Dirk Koczan, Burkhard Maria Helmke and Jörn Bullerdiek

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:76

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  44. Content type: Case Report

    The identification of structural variants of uncertain clinical significance is increasing; however, studies delineating the functional consequence of these variants in the pathogenicity of phenotypic features...

    Authors: Joseph T. Alaimo, Sureni V. Mullegama, Mary Ann Thomas and Sarah H. Elsea

    Citation: Molecular Cytogenetics 2015 8:75

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