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Oxidant–antioxidant imbalance in the serum of Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 (DM1) patients correlates with the progression of disease


Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most common form of muscular dystrophy affecting adults and is due to trinucleotide sequence (CTG) in the 3′ UTR region of DMPK gene located at 19q13.3 chromosome. The increased levels of ROS/free radicals and lipid peroxides and decreased antioxidant levels play an important role in the pathogenesis of DM1.


The intention of the present study is to assess the lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status and its association with clinical phenotypes in DM1 patients of Indian origin.

Material and methods

Clinically diagnosed 20 DM1 patients (16 men and 4 women; median age 32.8 years±9.3, range 17–52) and 40 age and sex matched controls (32 men and 8 women; median age 31.0 years±8.6, range 16–54) were included in the study. The collected blood samples were processed for serum separation used in measurement of MDA (Cat. No. 10009055-96), SOD (Cat. No. 706002-96), GPX (Cat. No. 703102-96), GST (Cat. No. 703302-96), GSH (Tietze et al. 1969 method) and total antioxidant status or TAS (Koracevic et al. 2001 method) levels and its association with clinical phenotype were evaluated.


Analysis revealed significantly higher levels of MDA (p=0.002), SOD (p=0.006) and TAS p= 0.004) and lower level of GPX (p=0.003), GST (P<0.001) and GSH (P=0.016) in DM1 patients. A significant negative correlation of MDA level with dyspepsia and CK-MB and GST level with serum SCK, CK-MB and diabetes were observed. However, a significant positive correlation of SOD level with serum CK-MB, CK-MM and diabetes and negative correlation with facial weakness were noted. Though, GSH level had significant positive correlation with learning and writing disability, speech and languages disability yet found negative correlation with duration of the disease. The GPX and TAS showed no correlation with any clinical findings.


Our data supports the pathogenic role of oxidative stress in DM1 of Indian origin and supports the opportunity to undertake clinical trials with antioxidants in this disorder.

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Correspondence to Ashok Kumar.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Kumar, A., Agarwal, S., Pradhan, S. et al. Oxidant–antioxidant imbalance in the serum of Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 (DM1) patients correlates with the progression of disease. Mol Cytogenet 7 (Suppl 1), P88 (2014).

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  • Significant Positive Correlation
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Dyspepsia
  • Clinical Phenotype
  • Antioxidant Status