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Association of Genetic Polymorphisms in STAT 3, STAT 5b and GWAS Identified PTPN22 Gene with Rheumatic Heart Disease
© Gupta et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 21 January 2014
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is an inflammatory, autoimmune disease, occurring as a consequence of group A streptococcal infection complicated by rheumatic fever (RF). Cytokines are important mediators of inflammatory and immune responses. JAK-STATs have been demonstrated to be critical elements in signaling by certain families of cytokines. GWAS has identified PTPN22 SNPs as non-HLA genetic variants to be associated with susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. Based on these, we looked for association of genetic variants of STAT 3, STAT 5B and GWAs identified PTPN22 with RHD in North Indian population.
Methods and results
This case-control study included 400 RHD patients and 200 controls. The polymorphisms were identified using RFLP/Taqman probes. Statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS. We observed that STAT3 CG and GG genotypes were significantly associated with RHD (p=0.024 & p=0.027 respectively), STAT5b CT&TT genotypes were significantly associated with RHD (p=0.001 & p=0.002 respectively) while both the SNPs of PTPN22 gene did not show any association with RHD. Further categorization of RHD patients into mitral valve disease (MVD) and combined valve disease (CVD) subgroups revealed that STAT3 CG&GG genotypes were associated with MVD and STAT5b CT&TT genotypes were also associated with both MVD&CVD.
STAT3 & STAT5b gene polymorphisms may play an important role in the pathogenesis of RHD but GWAS identified PTPN22 SNPs may not be associated with susceptibility of RHD.
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