Chromatin Immunoprecipitation. NUP98/HOXA13 binds both MSI2 and HOXA9 promoters. ChIP was performed on both NUP98/HOXA13 sample and a non-malignant disease sample (wt). 1,5 μg of rat IgG (Millipore Normal Rat IgG Polyclonal Antibody) and No Antibody (not shown) were used as negative controls. a) Semi-quantitative PCR showed an enrichment in NUP98/HOXA13 sample compared to controls. b) qPCR confirmed this result; data are presented as fold increase relative to the control sample (wt) based on the formula 2−ΔΔC p. One out of three (for MSI2) or two (for HOXA9) ChIP experiments is shown. The results shown are the mean ± S.E.M. (error bars) of two independent qPCR experiments. c) NUP98/HOXA13 binds both MSI2 and HOXA9 promoters. HOXA9 binds MSI2 promoter. Protein structure: homeodomain (HD). Gene structure: exons (numbered boxes), transcription start site (TSS; +1), direction of transcription (flag), putative HOX binding element 1 kb upstream of TSS (oval).