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Figure 6 | Molecular Cytogenetics

Figure 6

From: The genome diversity and karyotype evolution of mammals

Figure 6

Conservation of chromosome banding pattern between mammals. A. Conservation of chromosomes between opossum (Metatheria) and some eutherians based on alignments and painting data. The high degree of conservation in G-banding patterns between the homologous segments of opossum and placental mammals. MDO - short-tailed opossum, Monodelphis domestica (Metatheria, Marsupialia); HSA - human, Homo sapiens (Eutheria, Euarchontoglires, Primates); OAF - aardvark, Orycteropus afer (Eutheria, Afrotheria, Tubulidentata); LAF - African Savannah elephant, Loxodonta africana (Eutheria, Afrotheria, Proboscidea); FCA - domestic cat, Felis catus (Eutheria, Laurasiatheria, Carnivora); GMA - short-finned pilot whale, Globicephala macrorhynchus (Eutheria, Laurasiatheria, Cetartiodactyla); OCU - Old World rabbit. Oryctolagus cuniculus (Eutheria, Euarchontoglires, Lagomorpha); CBA- Bactrian camel, Camelus bactrianus (Eutheria, Laurasiatheria, Cetartiodactyla); SSC - domestic pig, Sus scrofa (Eutheria, Laurasiatheria, Cetartiodactyla); CFA - domestic dog, Canis familiaris (Eutheria, Laurasiatheria, Carnivora); MVI - American mink, Mustela vison (Eutheria, Laurasiatheria, Carnivora); SVU - European squirrel, Sciurus vulgaris (Eutheria, Euarchontoglires, Rodentia). B. Banding patterns for some characteristic eutherian signatures. a. HSA 19/3/21 signature of Carnivora. MVI -mink, Mustela vison; AFU - lesser panda, Ailurus fulgens b. HSA 9/11 and 10p/1q signatures of Glires. OCU - Old World rabbit. Oryctolagus cuniculus; TSI - Siberian chipmunk, Tamias sibiricus c. HSA 1/19 signature of Afrotheria. LAF - African savannah elephant, Loxodonta africana; OAF - aardvark, Orycteropus afer d. Putative HSA 10/14/15 signature of Pegasoferae taxa. EAS - donkey, Equus asinus; MAL- Szechwan myotis, Myotis altarium e. Conservation and putative inversions of HSA4/8p mammalian signature, inferred by localizations of some human and dog chromosomes painting probes. HSA - human, Homo sapiens; CFA - domestic dog, Canis familiaris; OCU - Old World rabbit, Oryctolagus cuniculus; FCA - domestic cat, Felis catus; MVI- American mink, Mustela vison; OAF - aardvark, Orycteropus afer; CCR - spotted hyena, Crocuta crocuta; PLA - masked palm civet, Paguma larvata; AFU - lesser panda, Ailurus fulgens

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