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Table 1 Sequence-based DNA contents of the human chromosomes.

From: New sequence-based data on the relative DNA contents of chromosomes in the normal male and female human diploid genomes for radiation molecular cytogenetics

Chromosome Chromosome length, bp Relative DNA contents of chromosome pairs in diploid genome, %
   Female Male
1 247 249 719 8.1799 8.3135
2 242 951 149 8.0377 8.1690
3 199 501 827 6.6002 6.7080
4 191 273 063 6.3280 6.4313
5 180 857 866 5.9834 6.0811
6 170 899 992 5.6540 5.7463
7 158 821 424 5.2544 5.3402
8 146 274 826 4.8393 4.9183
9 140 273 252 4.6407 4.7165
10 135 374 737 4.4787 4.5518
11 134 452 384 4.4482 4.5208
12 132 349 534 4.3786 4.4501
13 114 142 980 3.7763 3.8379
14 106 368 585 3.5191 3.5765
15 100 338 915 3.3196 3.3738
16 88 827 254 2.9387 2.9867
17 78 774 742 2.6062 2.6487
18 76 117 153 2.5182 2.5594
19 63 811 651 2.1111 2.1456
20 62 435 964 2.0656 2.0993
21 46 944 323 1.5531 1.5785
22 49 691 432 1.6440 1.6708
X 154 913 754 5.1251 2.6044†
Y 57 772 954   0.9713†
The size of the diploid female genome 6 045 293 052 100 --
The size of the diploid male genome 5 948 152 252 -- 100
  1. The sequence-based absolute and relative DNA contents of the human chromosomes in the male and female diploid genomes calculated by using the international Human Genome Project data from Ensembl database, release 52 – December 2008 [23].
  2. † Relative DNA contents of single X and single Y chromosomes in the male human diploid genome were calculated